The human capacity for music consists of certain core phenomena, including the tendency to entrain, or align movement, to an external auditory pulse [1-3]. Call, I.M. She is studying the mechanisms of their learning as well as the outcomes. Viewing communication as a dynamic system is laudable; arguing that the approach is novel is questionable. Arlene worked as the Lab Manager at the Pepperberg Lab at Brandeis University in Waltham, MA where she worked with Dr. Pepperberg, Alex, Griffin and Arthur. Biology can inspire robotic simulations of behavior and thus advance robotics, but the validity of drawing conclusions about real behavior from robotic models is questionable. Effect of avian-human joint attention on vocal learning by Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus). The extent to which nonhuman animals can learn actual human language is a controversial question, but many nonhuman species have acquired elements of a two-way communication system that is, and was, sophisticated enough to enable its use in evaluating cognitive capacities. This ability generalized to sets of novel objects, to objects in random arrays, and to some heterogeneous collections. Main conclusion: In his lifetime, Alex achieved many milestones in Dr. Pepperberg’s lab. Pepperberg, C.T. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review Psychon Bull Rev. Animal language studies: What happened? There are 7 individuals that go by the name of Irene Pepperberg in Massachusetts. A brief description of an avian system provides one such example. A critical review”. (1990). Pepperberg, I.M. Training behavior by imitation: from parrots to people&to robots. doi:10.3758/s13423-016-1101-y, Pepperberg, I. M., & Nakayama, K. (2016). (2000). © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Pepperberg, I.M. Due to our privacy policy, only current members can send messages to people on ResearchGate. Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, 2nd ed. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Symbolic communication in nonhumans. (accepted pending revision). 114:371-380. What is comparative psychology? and Hoffman, E. (1997). Call, eds., Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Warren, D.K., Patterson, D.K., and Pepperberg, I.M. Psych. Most studies on the evolution of communication systems concentrate on the primate lineage, ignoring the concept of parallel Ph.D., Chemical Physics, Harvard University, 1976 M.A., Chemistry, Harvard University, 1971 S.B., Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1969 Pepperberg, I.M. View phone numbers, addresses, public records, background check reports and possible arrest records for Irene Pepperberg. Patterson, D.K., Pepperberg, I.M., Story, B.H. (2017). Recognition of amodal and modally completed shapes by a Grey Parrot (_Psittacus erithacus_), Further evidence for addition and numerical competence by a Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), The Evolution of Learning to Communicate: Avian Model for the Missing Link, Symbolic Communication in the Grey Parrot, Avian cognition and social interaction: Fifty years of advances, Processing of the Miller-Lyer illusion by a Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus), Functional Vocalizations by an African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus), Vocal learning in Grey parrots: A brief review of perception, production, and cross-species comparisons, Language Acquisition and Form in a Bilingual Environment: A Framework for Studying Birdsong in Zones of Sympatry, Evidence for Conceptual Quantitative Abilities in the African Grey Parrot: Labeling of Cardinal Sets, Spontaneous Motor Entrainment to Music in Multiple Vocal Mimicking Species, Berlin Behavioural Biology Symposium 2009 - Abstract Book, IN MEMORIAM: DONALD R. GRIFFIN, 1915-2003, Alex & me: How a scientist and a parrot discovered a hidden world of animal intelligence — and formed a deep bond in the process, Grey parrot vocal learning: Creation of new labels from existing vocalizations and issues of imitation, Peer-reviewed parrot studies speak for themselves, as he did, Processing of the Müller-Lyer Illusion by a Grey Parrot ( Psittacus Erithacus ), Individual differences in grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus): Effects of training, Grey parrots do not always ‘parrot’: the roles of imitation and phonological awareness in the creation of new labels from existing vocalizations, Emergence of Linguistic Communication: Studies on Grey Parrots. His last words to his owner, Irene Pepperberg, were "You be good. Animal Cognition Anim Cogn, 17(4), 937-944. doi:10.1007/s10071-014-0726-3, Pepperberg, I. M., Koepke, A., Livingston, P., & Hartsfield, L. A. & Shive, H.A. Interspecific communication. autism), lack of imitative ability (i.e. Pepperberg, I.M. How studies of communication among nonhumans and between humans and nonhumans can inform SETI. Experiment 1 involved controls to ensure birds could track movement of the quantities, including direct and diagonal cross-transfers. Bateson, eds., Plenum. Griebel, U., Pepperberg, I.M., Oller, D.K. Pepperberg, I.M., & Sherman, D. (2000). (e.g., closed classes) may not provide appropriate data, and that whether a particular species... To produce a model to explain the acoustic properties of human speech sounds produced by Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) and to compare these properties across species (e.g., with humans, other psittacine and nonpsittacine mimics), researchers need adequate measurements of the chambers that constitute the parrot vocal tract. Grey parrots do not always “parrot”: Phonological awareness and the creation of new labels from existing vocalizations. Can Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) succeed on a “complex” foraging task failed by nonhuman primates (Pan troglodytes, Pongo abelii, Sapajus apella) but solved by wrasse fish (Labroides dimidiatus)? Pepperberg, I.M. Pseudonym for Irene Maxine Pepperberg.. Dr. Irene Pepperberg is an adjunct associate professor at the Dept. She is also a lecturer and research associate at Harvard University, in Cambridge, MA. & Wilkes, S.R., Research Associate, Harvard University, 2005-present, Adjunct Associate Professor, Brandeis University, 2002-2013, Bunting Fellow, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, 2004-2005, Research Scientist, MIT Media Lab, 2001-2002, Visiting Associate Professor, The Media Lab, MIT, 1999-2000, Associate Professor, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, January, 1991-2000, with joint appointment in Department of Psychology and as an Affiliate in the Program in Neuroscience, Visiting Assistant Professor, Anthropology, Northwestern, 1984-1991, Lecturer, Psychological Sciences, Purdue, Spring, 1982, Research Associate in Biology, Biological Sciences, Purdue, 1979-1984, Postdoctoral research in animal-human communication, Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue, 1977-1979, Postdoctoral Research Assistant, Chemistry, Harvard, July, 1976, Nominee, Exemplar Award, Animal Behavior Society, 2015, Recipient, Christopher Clavius, S.J. (2017d) Avian numerical cognition. lines of evolution. The main focus of her work is to determine the cognitive and communicative abilities of these birds, and compare their abilities with those of great apes, marine mammals, and young children. and Meister, M. (1998). Emotional Birds—Or Advanced Cognitive Processing? Evidence for a form of mutual exclusivity during label acquisition by Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus)? After re-reading Macphail’s (1987) essay “The Comparative Psychology of Intelligence” with all the associated commentaries, I was struck by how contemporary many of the arguments and counter-arguments still appear. Cognitive and communicative abilities of Grey Parrots: Implications for the enrichment of many species. Birds tracked the larger of two quantities that had undergone various manipulations. Whitepages people search is the most trusted directory. I refer to a number of avian studies, particularly in corvids and parrots, which would add breadth to the materia... A Grey parrot, Griffin (Psittacus erithacus), previously taught English labels for various colors and shapes with respect to three-dimensional (3D) stimuli, was tested on his ability to transfer to very different two-dimensional (2D) images consisting of modal and amodal completion stimuli. In Avian Cognition, S. Healy & C. ten Cate (Eds. “Birdbrains” should not be ignored in studying the evolution of G. Commentary, Behav. Behaviour 156:409-445. Measurement of the trachea of the Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) via Magnetic Resonance Imaging, dissection and Electron Beam Computed Tomography. Robotic models, particularly of learning, do not account, for example, for (a) exaptation: co-opting of previously evolved functions for new behavior, (b) learning through ob... We disagree with two of Rendell and Whitehead's assertions. What would normally be a quiet, very private event was, in Alex's case, headline news. Social influences on the acquisition of human-based codes in parrots and nonhuman primates. American Zoologist 40:893-901. These studies have demonstrated that Grey parrots can solve various cognitive tasks and acquire and use English speech in ways that often resemble those of very youn... A Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) that was able to quantify 6 item sets (including subsets of heterogeneous groups, e.g., blue blocks within groupings of blue and green blocks and balls) using English labels (I. M. Pepperberg, 1994a) was tested on comprehension of these labels, which is crucial for numerical competence (K. C. Fuson, 1988; see als... Arbib presents a reasoned explanation for language evolution from nonhuman to human primates, one that I argue can be equally applied to animals trained in forms of interspecies communication. Sometimes Irene goes by various nicknames including Irene M Pepperberg. I am focusing in 2021 on reading books I own. Pepperberg, I.M. Development of Piagetian object permanence in a Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus). (1998). Fitch (Ed. Psittacus erithacus) do not acquire referential English labels when tutored with videotapes (a) in social isolation (I. M. Pepperberg, 1994); (b) when reward for an attempted label is possible (I. M. Pepperberg, J. R. Naughton, & P. A. Banta, 1998); or (c) when trainers direct birds' attention to the video monitor (I. M. Pepperberg e... Kako (1999) requests new studies of linguistic continua between humans and nonhumans. Pepperberg, I.M. Res... A Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), able to quantify sets of eight or fewer items (including heterogeneous subsets), to sum two sequentially presented sets of 0–6 items (up to 6), and to identify and serially order Arabic numerals (1–8), all by using English labels (Pepperberg in J Comp Psychol 108:36–44, 1994; J CompPsychol 120:1–11, 2006a; J Com... A Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), able to quantify sets of eight or fewer items (including heterogeneous subsets), to sum two sequentially presented sets of 0-6 items (up to 6), and to identify and serially order Arabic numerals (1-8), all by using English labels (Pepperberg in J Comp Psychol 108:36-44, 1994; J Comp Psychol 120:1-11, 2006a; J Co... Studies both in the field and the laboratory demonstrate that the capacities of non-human animals to solve complex problems form a continuum with those of humans. Pepperberg, I.M., Naughton, J.R., and Banta, P.A. The task involved can be parsed in several ways, such that the subjects can be requ... Jaakkola (2014) critiques studies that investigate nonhuman capacities to track objects undergoing invisible displacements. Irene Pepperberg Feature: What has Griffin the Grey parrot been up to? Evidence for a form of mutual exclusivity during label acquisition by grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus)? Perceptual consciousness in Grey parrots. November 2020. Stimuli were primarily laser-printed paper shapes. (in press) Human-avian comparisons in cognitive performance. Animal Behavior & Cognition, 4(3):378-395.Special issue on “Comparative Perception”. Irene Pepperberg is on Facebook. A study of sharing and reciprocity in grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus). They were tested in several conditions: on the ability to choose between (a) identical containers filled with a greater or lesser quantity of a desirable liquid to see... Few avian studies on optical illusions are directly comparable to those with humans. 3033; ed. 113:158-172. When training engenders failure to imitate in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus), Grey parrot numerical competence: A review, Ordinality and inferential abilities of a grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), In Memoriam: Donald R. Griffin, 1915-2003, Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) numerical abilities: Addition and further experiments on a zero-like concept, Cognitive and communicative abilities of grey parrots. Processes, 42:139-158. Biology Letters, 7, 875-877), which in turn repli... Do humans and nonhumans share the ability to form abstract concepts? Munoz Valeria 3-5-19 Block 1 Pepperberg Outline Psychology being investigated: acquisition of the same/different concept by non-human primates Background: Humans are not the only animals capable of making meaningful communication. Current Biology, 19(10), 831-836. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.03.061. Reply to Jaakkola (2014): “Do animals understand invisible displacement? Irene Pepperberg. J. Comp. Psychol. (2004b). Four Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) were tested on their ability to obtain an item suspended from a string such that multiple, repeated, coordinated beak-foot actions were required for succ... Pepperberg received her S.B. A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Pepperberg, I.M., Howell, K.S., Banta, P.A., Patterson, D.K. (1997). Pepperberg, I.M. University of Lleida & IRB Lleida Biomedical Research Institute of Lleida, Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata, Laboratoire Ethologie Cognition Développement (LECD EA 3456), Department of Biology, Section for Ecology & Evolution. Proposed Use of Two-Part Interactive Modeling as a Means to Increase Functional Skills in Children With a Variety of Disabilities, Limited contextual vocal learning in the grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus): The effect of interactive co-viewers on videotaped instruction, Rethinking syntax: A commentary on E. Kako’s “Elements of syntax in the systems of three language-trained animals”, Measurement of Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) trachea via magnetic resonance imaging, dissection, and electron beam computed tomography, Cross-Species Comparison of Contrafreeloading in Parrots, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Konrad-Lorenz-Institut für Vergleichende Verhaltensforschung. Behav. Snowdon, T.R. Beach Comparative Psychology Award, American Psychological Association, 2006, Bunting Fellow, Radcliffe Institute, 2004, Nominee, Quest Award, Animal Behavior Society, 2001, Selby Fellow, Australian Academy of Sciences, 2000, Fellow, American Psychological Society, 1999, Fellow, American Ornithologists’ Union, 1998, Recipient, John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, 1996 (for calendar year 1997), Fellow, American Psychological Association, 1996, Alternate, Cattell Award for Psychology, 1996, Recipient, UA Parents’ Association, Advisor Award for Capstone Experiences, 1994, Nominee, UA Creative Teaching Award, 1994, Nominee, Professor of the Month Award, Nat’l Women’s History Month, 1994, Recipient, Professor of the Month Award, Nat’l Women’s History Month, 1993, Finalist, Five Star Faculty Award, U of A, 1992. and communicative abilities with humans. Irene Pepperberg, 2008 HarperCollins 240 pp. Some researchers studying nonhuman communication other than ape language have been using such an approach for decades. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 131:370-383. The extent to which humans and nonhumans share numerical competency is a matter of debate. She states that the results of most of these studies are tainted by cuing, that conceptual understanding is lacking, and that, as a consequence, great apes are the only nonhumans to have full Stage 6 object permanence. University students and faculty, institute members, and independent researchers, Technology or product developers, R&D specialists, and government or NGO employees in scientific roles, Health care professionals, including clinical researchers, Journalists, citizen scientists, or anyone interested in reading and discovering research. doi:10.1037/e598032013-086, Pepperberg, I. M. (2012). Psych. Irene Pepperberg studies Grey parrots. Allospecific vocal learning by grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus): A failure of videotaped instruction under certain conditions. Piagetian liquid overconservation in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus). Tool use in Goffin’s cockatoos: shape/frame matching. Morphol., 238:81-91. Irene Maxine Pepperberg (born April 1, 1949) is a scientist noted for her studies in animal cognition, particularly in relation to parrots. Animal Cognition Anim Cogn, 16(2), 197-210. doi:10.1007/s10071-012-0564-0, Schachner, A., Brady, T. F., Pepperberg, I. M., & Hauser, M. D. (2009). Perception 37:765-781. DOI: /10.1017/S0140525X16001758, Pepperberg, I.M. This ability, fundamental both for music production and for coordinated dance, has been repeatedly highlighted as uniquely human [4-11]. Snowdon and M. Hausberger, eds., Cambridge. and Ph.D. from Harvard. We propose that these parallels can be extended further. Shackelford (Eds. Join Facebook to connect with Irene Pepperberg and others you may know. and the importance of determining whether any component of language is uniquely human. (2006a). Pepperberg,I.M. Pepperberg, I.M. 110:286-297. We examined whether a nonhuman might succeed in an e... Nonhuman tool use is no longer questioned; the issues now are whether such use is mostly inflexible and innately specified or involves experience, innovation, adaptation, and cognitive planning, and how many species qualify. In APA Handbook of Comparative Psychology, J. In SPIE Proceedings, Vol. A comparative study of human and Grey parrot phonation: Acoustic and articulatory correlates of stop consonants. This study was designed to see if a Grey Parrot (called Griffin) could:recognize amodal and modally completed figures;recognize nonstandard variations of regular polygons he had learned to label;recognize 2D stimuli after training on 3D objects. JASA 103:2197-2213. Grey Parrot Number Acquisition: The Inference of Cardinal Value from Ordinal Position on the Numeral List COGNIT2474, Péron, F., John, M., Sapowicz, S., Bovet, D., & Pepperberg, I. M. (2012). Before she began her studies with Alex, birds weren’t considered to be intelligent animals (on account of their walnut-sized brains). Photo – Mike Lovett, Brandeis University Photographer. 108:36-44. Being called a “bird brain” is generally taken as a derogatory comment on one's intellect, but research has shown that many avian species have abilities that rival those of mammals, nonhuman primates, and even humans. doi:10.12966/abc.08.0X.2017. (under review). Pepperberg, I.M. 85, Lund, Sweden, (online only). (2018d). Patterson, D.K. Crucial issues, however, are the choice of task, the specific conditions of the task, and possibly the subjects' understanding or interpretation of the task. 132:166-177. doi: 10.1037/ com0000106, Pepperberg, I.M., Gray, S., Lesser, J.S., & Hartsfield, L.A. (2017). Insightful string-pulling in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) is affected by vocal competence. The early 1940s were dominated by World War II. Skip to main content. The growing field of evo-devo is increasingly demonstrating the complexity of steps involved in genetic, intracellular regulatory, and extracellular environmental control of the development of phenotypes. Pepperberg, I.M. An investigation into the cognitive capacities of an African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus). Snowdon, T.R. In a previous study (Péron et al. Topics in Cognitive Science 8:435-445. string-pulling in Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) is affected by vocal competence, Cognitive and communicative capacities of Grey parrots - Implications for the enrichment of many species, Lack of referential vocal learning from LCD video by Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus), The value of the Piagetian framework for comparative cognitive studies, Cognitive and Communicative Abilities of Grey Parrots, In Search of King Solomon’s Ring: Cognitive and Communicative Studies of Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus), Allospecific referential speech acquisition in Grey parrots (psittacus erithacus): evidence for multiple levels of avian vocal imitation, A two-trainer modeling system to engender social skills in children with disabilities, Simultaneous Development of Vocal and Physical Object Combinations by a Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus ): Bottle Caps, Lids, and Labels, The conundrum of correlation and causation, Simultaneous development of vocal and physical object combinations by a grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus): Bottle caps, lids, and labels, Vocal learning in the grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus): Effects of species identity and number of trainers, MILLENNIUM REVIEW: Avian Cognitive Abilities. 444 Owned but Unread Books show list info. (2017a). Irene Pepperberg. A case study of the disjunctive syllogism, Initial Evidence for Probabilistic Reasoning in a Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus), Tool use in Goffin’s cockatoos: Shape/frame matching, Piagetian Liquid Conservation in Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus), Review of studies on visual perception in grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus): The Müller-Lyer illusion, amodal and modal completion, “Birdbrains” should not be ignored in studying the evolution of g, Robust representation of shape in a Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus), Developmental Plasticity and Language: A Comparative Perspective, Delayed Gratification: A Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) Will Wait for a Better Reward, Reply to Jaakkola (2014): "Do Animals Understand Invisible Displacement? Succes... Research has shown that some forms of inferential reasoning are likely widespread throughout the animal kingdom (e.g., exclusion, in which a subject infers the placement of a reward by eliminating potential alternative sites), but other types of inferential tasks have not been extensively tested. (2001). ), DOI 10.3758/s13423-016-1101-y. Past, Present, and Future of an Evolving Science, Book, full text: Quo Vadis Behavioral Biology, Reasoning by Inference: Further Studies on Exclusion in Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus). His responses to... Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) have been shown to exhibit many complex cognitive and communicative abilities in a laboratory setting. A Practical Guide to Animal Cognition, N. Bueno & F. Amici, eds, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Evidence exists for a form of imitation, vocal segmentation, by a Grey parrot. Pepperberg, I.M. Indeed, the term “avian cognition“ was considered an oxymoron. in Anim Cogn, doi: 10.1007/s10071-012.05640 , 2012), Grey parrots, working in dyads, took turns choosing one of four differently coloured cups with differing outcomes: empty (null, non-rewarding), selfish (keeping reward for oneself), share (sharing a divisible reward), or giving (donating reward to other).
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