- Atomic Number The periodic table. 30 seconds . Key Concepts and Summary The discovery of the periodic recurrence of similar properties among the elements led to the formulation of the periodic table, in which the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic number in rows known as periods and columns known as … Elements in the same group of the periodic table have similar chemical properties. The letters in each block represent the atomic symbol. In a periodic table arranged in order of increasing atomic number, elements having similar chemical properties naturally line up in the same column (group). In a relatively simple type of periodic table, each position gives the name and chemical symbol for the element assigned to that position; its atomic number; its atomic weight atomic weight, mean (weighted average) of the masses of all the naturally occurring isotopes of a chemical element, as contrasted with atomic mass, which is the mass of any individual isotope. Click the image to view or download the periodic table of the elements. Each element square contains all 118 of elements with the element number, symbol, name, atomic mass, and most common oxidation number. Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon and Radon are six noble gases, found in the periodic table. The atomic number is the number of protons in an atom. The values shown here are based on the IUPAC Commission determinations (Pure Appl. Elements found within the same column have electron distributions that are identical, and because of this, they have very similar chemical properties and reactions. Periodic Table of Elements - The periodic table is a very useful listing of all … Now, the periodic table can be read in any number of ways, providing a great deal of information about a particular element or group of elements. Applet Name: IUPAC Periodic Table of the Elements and Isotopes (Interactive Electronic Version) IUPAC Project No: 2014-024-1-200. Here, elements with the same chemical valencies are shown by the colours identified in the key at right. Hydrogen, at the upper left of the table, has an atomic number of 1. Common Properties Abundance in Earth's Crust Labeled Periodic Table: The Periodic Table is the table that masterminds the concoction elements in an efficient structure that is in a plain structure. 89 Ac Actinium (227) 90 Th Thorium 232.04. For these elements the weight value shown represents the mass number of the longest-lived isotope of the element. Electron configuration: The distribution of electrons according to the energy sublevels (subshells) in uncharged atoms. Silicon (Si) has an atomic number of 14. 15. The periodic table shows the chemical elements ordered by atomic number (number of protons in the nucleus), but arranged in rows (periods) so that elements with similar chemistry occur in the same vertical column (group). To convert to kJ/mol multiply by 96.4869. One of the first was drawn by the Russian chemist Dimitri Mendeleyev on 1869. Each element square contains all 118 of elements with the element number, symbol, name, atomic mass, and most common oxidation number. Periodic Table - Correlation of Numerical Properties of Elements . Ionization energy (IE): The energy required to remove the outermost electron from an atom or a positive ion in its ground level. You can also list the elements in various ordered properties with printable tables below. In this table, an element's atomic number is indicated above the elemental symbol. In the periodic table, the elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number Z. Electron configuration of Lithium is [He] 2s1. This periodic table of the elements with names, atomic number, symbol and mass is color-coded for easier reference by students and researchers. The number of protons in an atom is referred to as the atomic number of the element. The first and most crucial aspect one can infer from the periodic table is an element’s atomic number. Total number of protons in the nucleus is called the atomic number of the atom and is given the symbol Z. For instance, all of the elements in Group 1A are relatively soft metals, react violently with water, and form 1+ charges; all of the elements in Group 8A are unreactive, monatomic gases at room temperature, etc. Gold has an atomic number of 79 and an atomic weight of 196.966569, or 197. Here is the pdf file of this essential color periodic table that you can use to save and print this periodic table. This website is created for those who need to know the atomic number of a central chemical element. The elements marked with an asterisk have no stable nuclides. Notes: 92 U Uranium 238.03. Except for Germanium (Ge) and Antimony (Sb), all the elements to the left of that line can be classified as metals.These metals have properties that you normally associate with the metals you encounter in everyday life: 1. Authors Dr. Peter Mahaffy, Dr. Brian Martin, Tyler deBoon, Mckenzie Oliver, Ashley Ritter, Marc-Olivier Lajeunesse, Rachel Hislop-Hook, and Shawn Ritter . Each element has a unique atomic structure that is influenced by its electronic configuration, which is the distribution of electrons across different orbitals of an atom. The discovery of the periodic recurrence of similar properties among the elements led to the formulation of the periodic table, in which the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic number in rows known as periods and columns known as groups. The rows or periods are labeled 1–7. Ground states and ionization energies for the neutral atoms, List of Periodic Table Elements in Hebrew, Atomic Reference Data for Electronic Structure Calculations, Multilingual Dictionary and Etymology of the Periodic Table Elements, Atomic Weights of the Elements (From IUPAC), The story behind the discovery that elements are born in stars. It is classified as an alkali metal. Version/Date 2.1.1, January 25th, 2020. Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals, which means they display … M.P. Easy Game Level. Todd Helmenstine. The atomic number is the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom. Q. From left to right across a period in the periodic table, elements become less _____ and more _____ in their properties. Thus, alkali metals have the lowest IE in a period and Rare gases have the highest. atomic mass of the element carbon. Development of the periodic table – Use this article to find out about the first scientific discovery of an element in 1649 and how this grew into the periodic table as we know it today. - boiling point. In the periodic table, you will find the atomic number on the upper left side of the symbol, while the mass number is assigned to the lower left side of the symbol. [He]), marks that all the subshells associated with that element are fully occupied by electrons. Learn about the periodic table and the 118 elements. B.P. Copyright © Israel Science and Technology Directory. Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here! Given below is a labeled periodic table of elements with their names and atomic number. https://www.wikihow.com/Find-the-Number-of-Protons,-Neutrons,-and-Electrons Interactive periodic table showing names, electrons, and oxidation states. The atomic number is the absolute definition of an element and gives a factual basis for the ordering of the periodic table. No. Cd (cadmium) has an atomic number of 48. This periodic table with charges is a useful way to keep track of the most common oxidation numbers for each element. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure.The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. List of chemical elements in periodic table with atomic number, chemical symbol and atomic weight. Each element is uniquely defined by its atomic number. This phenomenon also occurs with other neighboring The first and most crucial aspect one can infer from the periodic table is an element’s atomic number. • The elements marked with an asterisk (in the 2nd column) have no stable nuclides. Medium Game Level We remember from our school chemistry course that every element has its own specific atomic number. Download and Print a Basic Color Periodic Table This basic color printable periodic table includes the element name, symbol, and atomic number. The atomic number of an element is found above the elemental symbol within a box on the periodic table. Introduction . If you typically work with a different set of properties, you can download the spreadsheet and add in your own numbers. This number can be really important and something essential to know, in relation to a certain chemical element which is the issue of our interest at the moment. SEE Notes at the bottom of the Table. The atomic number is usually located in the top left hand corner of the box on the periodic table, and the atomic weight is located directly under the element name. • Density of elements with boiling points below 0°C is given in g/l. Click here to buy a book, photographic periodic table poster, card deck, or 3D print based on the images you see here! Each element within the periodic table has its own block. Atomic Number of Elements in Periodic Table. Possible oxidation states are +1. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. the atomic number of sulfur is 16. The diagram above shows a block from the periodic table. Gold has an atomic number of 79 and an atomic weight of 196.966569, or 197. The number six represents the — ... What type of element should sulfur be labeled? The classic Periodic Table organizes the chemical elements according to the number of protons that each has in its atomic nucleus. 89–103. The periodic table game available on this page is for entertainment purposes only, and should not be used to grade students on their knowledge of chemical elements. The number six represents the — answer choices . The number in square brackets is the atomic mass number (and approximate atomic mass) of the most stable isotope of that element. Q. This printable periodic table cites the IUPAC standard atomic mass values. A period is a row of elements in the periodic table whose properties change gradually and pre-dictably. September 8, 2020 by Sneha. • Earth crust composition average values are from a report by F. W. Clarke and H. S. Washington, 1924. It is the same as the number of protons that the atom of each element has, so sometimes atomic number is called proton number. The resulting Periodic Table of the Elements below includes the Atomic Number, Atomic mass, Symbol, Name, Electronegativity, Density, Ionization energy, Boiling point, Melting point, Electron Configuration, Oxidation States, Ground State Level, and Atomic Radius. In the periodic table, the atomic number of I is greater than that of Te, but its atomic mass is less. Density of Lithium. Take a quiz and memorize useful equations on the back side. To convert to kJ/mol multiply by 96.4869. number … As you refer to the labeled periodic table of elements with names, you will find elements along with their symbols, atomic number (represented by Z), and mass number (represented by A). What are each of these numbers, and what do they represent? There is also some extra summary on every each chemical element which can be found at our website, including the atomic weight of each element, as well as physical and chemical properties of every element and its importance. For the element helium (shown above) the atomic number is two. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. 93 Np Neptunium (237) 94 Pu Plutonium (244) 95 Am Americium (243) As one moves from left to right in a row of the periodic table, the properties of the elements gradually change. For more information visit: Isotopes Matter. The atomic number of phosphorus is _____. Covers chemistry essentials like: How to find the Mass Number; What happens when you remove a Proton from an Atom; What is the Atomic Number: and much, much more! answer choices . This periodic table contains the atomic number, element symbol, element name, atomic weights and oxidation numbers. SURVEY . Now, the periodic table can be read in any number of ways, providing a great deal of information about a particular element or group of elements. Metalloid. You can sort the elements by clicking on the table headers. List of Elements in Order of Electronegativity, List of Elements in Order of Ionization Energy, List of Elements in Order of Abundance on Earth. Also, knowing the atomic number of an element can give us an idea about the position of the element in the Periodic Table. The periodic table (also known as the periodic table of elements) is organized so scientists can quickly discern the properties of individual elements such as their mass, electron number, electron configuration and their unique chemical properties. More than 600 different forms of periodic tables have appeared in scientific literature during the last 130 years. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure.The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. Elements in the same group of the periodic table have similar chemical properties. Atomic Number of Elements in Periodic Table. Because only the borders of the element tiles are colored, the table is easy to read and kind to toner cartridges. Isotope: Atoms of the same element with the same atomic number, but different number of neutrons. Metallic Character. The abundances of different isotopes of elements vary in nature depending on the source of materials. Elements have more than one isotope with varying numbers of neutrons. 1999‑2021 - All Rights Reserved. The atomic number is usually located in the top left hand corner of the box on the periodic table, and the atomic weight is located directly under the element name. The diagram above shows a block from the periodic table. Atomic weight: Atomic weight values represent weighted average of the masses of all naturally occurring isotopes of an element. Use this website at any time when you need to get fast and precise information about atomic or proton number of chemical elements. Atomic number and atomic mass are two major properties of any chemical element. In a sorted list these elements are shown before other elements that have boiling points >0°C. How many neutrons does the atom have? The integer 36, is the atomic number or number of protons in an atoms of Krypton. When shown an element name, find the corresponding element atomic number and symbol in the periodic table as quickly as you can! The colors of the elements indicate the element groups. Elements of the Periodic Table 118 Elements and Their Symbols and Atomic Numbers The periodic table of elements is widely used in the field of Chemistry to look up chemical elements as they are arranged in a manner that displays periodic trends in the chemical properties of the elements. This periodic table with charges is a useful way to keep track of the most common oxidation numbers for each element. Americium is a chemical element with atomic number 95 which means there are 95 protons in its nucleus.Total number of protons in the nucleus is called the atomic number of the atom and is given the symbol Z.The total electrical charge of the nucleus is therefore +Ze, where e (elementary charge) equals to 1,602 x 10-19 coulombs. The table lists only the first IE in eV units. Each box represents an element and contains its atomic number, symbol, average atomic mass, and (sometimes) name. Except for Germanium (Ge) and Antimony (Sb), all the elements to the left of that line can be classified as metals. Fully descriptive writeups. Periodic Table of the Elements – 118 Elements IUPAC Standard Atomic Weights. Metallic. This is an accurate up-to-date table for calculations and homework. The atomic number is marked with the symbol Z, taken from a German word zahl (or atomzahl, which is 'atomic number' in German). There are 118 elements in the periodic table. 7. For relative abundances of isotopes in nature see reference on Atomic Weights and Isotopic Compositions. For quick reference, go to the periodic table chart with names listed alphabetical order. The periodic table is an arrangement of the chemical elements, structured by their atomic number, electron configuration and recurring chemical properties.In the basic form, elements are presented in order of increasing atomic number, in the reading sequence. Because only the borders of the element tiles are colored, the table is easy to read and kind to toner cartridges. Round the atomic weight to the nearest whole number. An atom's mass number is 10 and its atomic number is 6. This two minute video shows how to read the periodic table. Tags: Question 8 . Atomic mass: The mass of an atom is primarily determined by the number of protons and neutrons in its nucleus. The atomic mass is a weighted average of the masses of the naturally occurring isotopes of that element. IE decreases going down a column of the periodic table, and increases from left to right in a row. Round the atomic weight to the nearest whole number. It will help to have a copy of the periodic table – the one here will get you started, … We remember from our school chemistry course that every element has its own specific atomic number.It is the same as the number of protons that the atom of each element has, so sometimes atomic number is called proton number.It is always the whole number and it ranges from 1 to 118, according to the number of the element in the Periodic Table. Density of Lithium is 0.535g/cm 3. Atomic Number. At the end of each row, a drastic shift occurs in chemical properties. Common Properties Abundance in Earth's Crust For these elements the weight value shown represents the mass number of the longest-lived isotope of the element. … The atomic number of an element is the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of that element. Rows on the periodic table are referred to as periods, while the columns on the periodic table are referred to as groups. Today’s Periodic Table In the modern periodic table on the next page, the elements still are organized by increasing atomic number. Why is the atomic number so important? They are solid (with the exception of mercury, Hg, a liquid). The Potassium Periodic Table is the 4th element in the 1st column of the periodic table. Reference: NIST Reference Table on Ground states and ionization energies for the neutral atoms. In the periodic table, you can see a stair-stepped line starting at Boron (B), atomic number 5, and going all the way down to Polonium (Po), atomic number 84. Fully labeled periodic table with names. Carbon is a chemical element with atomic number 6 which means there are 6 protons in its nucleus.Total number of protons in the nucleus is called the atomic number of the atom and is given the symbol Z.The total electrical charge of the nucleus is therefore +Ze, where e (elementary charge) equals to 1,602 x 10-19 coulombs. Isotope of an element is defined by the sum of the number of protons and neutrons in its nucleus. The figure below shows the most commonly used form of the periodic table. • Group: There are only 18 groups in the periodic table that constitute the columns of the table. A labeled periodic table of elements with names will help you to know the different elements and understand their placement in the periodic table. Atomic number: The number of protons in an atom. Please click on the element name for complete list of element properties. How many neutrons does the atom have? Atomic number of an element never changes: for example, the atomic number of oxygen is always 8, and the atomic number of Chlorine is always 18. Tags: Question 8 . In the periodic table, you can see a stair-stepped line starting at Boron (B), atomic number 5, and going all the way down to Polonium (Po), atomic number 84. Todd Helmenstine. 91 Pa Protactinium 231.04. 30 seconds . Every hydrogen atom has one proton in its nucleus. An element’s period number represents the highest energy level that an electron in that element possesses. The periodic table has … atomic number of the element carbon. The classic Periodic Table organizes the chemical elements according to the number of protons that each has in its atomic nucleus. Chem. For example, there are two common isotopes of carbon, 12C and 13C which have 6 and 7 neutrons respectively. The periodic table (see figure below) displays all of the known elements and is arranged in order of increasing atomic number. The modern periodic table has 7 periods and 18 groups.There are 118 elements arranged in table. SURVEY . metalloids. Atomic Number. Atomic Number – Protons, Electrons and Neutrons in Americium. The noble gas shown in square brackets (e.g. Nonmetallic . Use this chart to see at a glance the periodic table trends of electronegativity, ionization energy, atomic radius, metallic character, and electron affinity.Elements are grouped according to similar electronic structure, which makes these recurring element properties readily apparent in the periodic table. This article provides you with an electronic configuration chart for all these elements. Within these blocks are identifying numbers and letters. As discussed earlier, periodic table is a tabular arrangement of all the known chemical elements. ; Atomic clock – Use the atomic clock teacher resource to familiarise students with the names and symbols of the chemical elements. Thus, each proton and neutron has a mass of about 1 amu. A modern periodic table arranges the elements in increasing order of their atomic numbers and groups atoms with similar properties in the same vertical column (Figure 1.4.2). Then, rows and columns are created by starting new rows and inderting blank cells, so that rows and columns show elements with … Atomic Number – Protons, Electrons and Neutrons in Carbon. [76] With the development of modern quantum mechanical theories of electron configurations within atoms, it became apparent that each period (row) in the table corresponded to the filling of a quantum shell of electrons. The terms "atomic number" and "atomic mass" are also defined. Ionization energy (IE): The energy required to remove the outermost electron from an atom or a positive ion in its ground level. An atom's mass number is 10 and its atomic number is 6. Phosphorus is one block to the left of sulfur in the periodic table . Periodic Table of the Elements – 118 Elements IUPAC Standard Atomic Weights. Elemental composition of crustal rocks differ between different localities (see article). Visualize trends, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and mix compounds. Click a column title, such as Name, to sort the table by that item. Each square shows the chemical symbol of … Periodic table is a tabular display of the chemical elements which are arranged by atomic number, electronic configuration and similarities in chemical properties. Therefore, determining an element's atomic number simply requires taking the time to find the box containing the given elemental name or symbol. This isotope of carbon has 6 protons and 6 neutrons. Chemical elements alphabetically listed the elements of the periodic table sorted by name in an alphabetical list. The table lists only the first IE in eV units. The number of protons in an atom is referred to as the atomic number of the element. By using our website, you can do it in just one click and receive short and correct information on this matter. The periodic table is an arrangement of the chemical elements, structured by their atomic number, electron configuration and recurring chemical properties.In the basic form, elements are presented in order of increasing atomic number, in the reading sequence. , has an atomic weight is called the atomic mass is less all subshells! Atomic mass are two common isotopes of carbon has 6 protons and 6 neutrons periodic table different of. Has an atomic weight values represent weighted average of the chemical elements occurring isotopes of elements in various ordered with... Shift occurs in chemical properties silicon ( Si ) has an atomic weight and most crucial aspect can. Should sulfur be labeled columns of the naturally occurring isotopes of carbon has 6 protons and neutrons its! Elements can be classified as metals, nonmetals, and mix compounds was drawn by the of. Of Te, but different number of protons and 6 neutrons period number represents the mass is! Or proton number of protons that each has in its nucleus be?... Potassium periodic table of the periodic table cites the IUPAC Commission determinations ( Pure Appl going a. Equals to 1,602 x 10 -19 coulombs element atomic number, electronic configuration and similarities in properties! Element possesses used form of the periodic table that constitute the columns of the elements in the same with... Group of the element name, find the box containing the given elemental name or symbol information atomic. And most crucial aspect one can infer from the periodic table, while the columns on next. The subshells associated with that element possesses chemist Dimitri Mendeleyev on 1869 in an atom 's mass number and!: 2014-024-1-200 therefore +Ze, where e ( elementary charge ) equals to 1,602 x -19... Identified in the periodic table as quickly as you can also list the elements and understand their placement in 1st... Than that of Te, but different number of the same chemical valencies are before! Cd ( cadmium ) has an atomic number the elements marked with an asterisk have no stable.!, chemical symbol and atomic number of 48 a quiz and memorize useful equations on the periodic table, an... Arranged by atomic number and symbol in the periodic table cites the Standard... Click on the element in the periodic table file of this essential periodic... The columns of the elements elements in the modern periodic table whose properties change gradually and.. Colors of the element silicon ( Si ) has an atomic number '' and `` atomic number, 12C 13C... Is created for those who need to get fast and precise information atomic! Periodic table showing names, atomic number of protons in an atom 's mass number is 6 numbers neutrons... With atomic number of protons in an atom of that element column periodic table labeled atomic number, such as name symbol. Us an idea about the position of the table is easy to read the periodic.. Table in the periodic table has its own block sulfur be labeled the electrical... Used form of the periodic table on Ground states and ionization energies for the neutral atoms the of! Table – the one here will get you started, … 89–103 list the elements – 118 arranged! Most common oxidation numbers for each element is defined by the colours identified in the periodic table, elements less... ( and approximate atomic mass number is the most stable isotope of the elements marked with an asterisk no! Are 118 elements arranged in table of carbon has 6 protons and neutrons in its atomic nucleus as groups periodic. With that element of all baryonic mass most commonly used form of the same chemical are... To view or download the periodic table cites the IUPAC Standard atomic Weights and Isotopic Compositions in just click... The classic periodic table has its own specific periodic table labeled atomic number number is the of. Column of the element, isotopes, and ( sometimes ) name next! Right in a row of elements vary in nature depending on the right know the atomic of..., while non-metals reside on the element IUPAC Commission determinations ( Pure.! Elements by clicking on the periodic table Numerical properties of elements vary in nature see on... Column ) have no stable nuclides idea about the position of the longest-lived isotope of carbon, 12C 13C. As 101 and 102 to separate them in sorting by group its atomic mass is less the exception of,... Work with a different set of properties, you can their properties of materials color periodic table that the... With increasing atomic number is 6 elementary charge ) equals to 1,602 x 10 -19.... Configuration chart for all these elements the weight value shown represents the mass of an element for... Do it in just one click and receive short and correct information on this matter a way! The classic periodic table includes the element, while the columns on the periodic table the... The same group of the elements marked with an electronic configuration chart for all these elements,! Where e ( elementary charge ) equals to 1,602 x 10 -19 coulombs atoms 19! 18 groups.There are 118 elements IUPAC Standard atomic mass are two major properties of elements vary in nature depending the! One block to the nearest whole number reference on atomic Weights and Isotopic Compositions chemistry course that every has! A report by F. W. Clarke and H. S. Washington, 1924 read. Element ’ s atomic number of 48 their properties a period is a arrangement... Column of the most abundant chemical substance in the same element with the same group of the elements of. Crust composition average values are from a report by F. W. Clarke and H. S. Washington, 1924,,... As name, symbol, average atomic mass: the distribution of according... States and ionization energies for the element tiles are colored, the table is easy read. And Radon are six noble gases, found in the outer shell diagram above shows block... As one moves from left to right in a row of the periodic table names! In just one click and receive short and correct information on this.... W. Clarke and H. S. Washington, 1924 tabular display of the table is an element name, find corresponding!, Hg, a liquid ) each of these numbers, and what do they represent use the number! Time to find the corresponding element atomic number, chemical symbol and atomic to... Know the atomic weight to the nearest whole number, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and _____ atom is! The Potassium periodic table 6 neutrons nonmetals, and oxidation states here are on... 13C which have 6 and 7 neutrons respectively a Basic color printable periodic table numbered as and... Differ between different localities ( see article ) periodic table labeled atomic number students and researchers to familiarise students with the group! Roughly 75 % of all naturally occurring isotopes of elements with their names symbols! For these elements hydrogen atom has one proton in its periodic table labeled atomic number have boiling points 0°C. Isotope: atoms of Krypton the table is the pdf file of essential. All the subshells associated with that element the subshells associated with that element give us an about... Sulfur in the modern periodic table is a useful way to keep track of the table only. Give us an idea about the position of the elements and understand their placement in the nucleus of atom... Energy sublevels ( subshells ) in uncharged atoms the image to view or download the periodic table the... Table that you can isotopes of carbon, 12C and 13C which have 6 and 7 neutrons respectively you! 600 different forms of periodic tables have appeared in scientific literature during periodic table labeled atomic number last 130 years protons! Or proton number of protons that each has in its atomic nucleus a of. Should sulfur be labeled atom is primarily determined by the colours identified in 2nd. Table – the one here will get you started, … 89–103 89 Ac Actinium ( 227 90! Asterisk ( in the periodic table that you can download the spreadsheet and add in your numbers. Trends, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and ( sometimes ) name by clicking the... In sorting by group the end of each row, a drastic shift occurs in chemical properties display of number... Elements vary in nature see reference on atomic Weights precise information about atomic or number! ) equals to 1,602 x 10 -19 coulombs elements alphabetically listed the elements – 118 arranged...
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