See the consistent use of a verb? 5 out of 5 stars (193) 193 reviews $ 9.99. I’m not sure how Bill C-92 allows for that to happen. Ms. Blackstock: It has already been sent to the committee clerk. I would say to you that the problem isn’t in the legislation so much; it’s in the lack of resources for families to be able to give that meaning. It’s getting to families before the crisis emerges. Could either of you speak to this? Username. I understand that, but if we loosen the grips and ensure the families themselves get the resources at the ground level, I know there will be a difference. It’s not that we want every kid to suffer. I will not reduce it just to a distinction of First Nations, Inuit and Metis. I thought a $19 family allowance was pretty good back in the 1970s. We recognize that subclause 12(2) has been added to the bill and is an improvement to the original text of the bill, intended to protect private information. Regarding the whole question of how funding was allocated to them, I heard a lot of different stories about how the money would come down and they don’t get their hands on it at the community level, so they have no capacity to do the preventive work they would like to do. Page: I also have the honour of sitting on a panel that was set up by a former minister of Indigenous Services Canada that deals with new fiscal relations. Senator Christmas: Good to see you again, Dr. Blackstock, and it’s good to see Spirit Bear again. Give them the capacity, the mandate and the ability to provide those levels of service and care within urban areas. I can’t remember what the wording is, so I agree with you, totally. What we’ve envisioned and had conversations about over the many years of doing reviews with the department is that we already have over 105 First Nations agencies in existence that have been operating for 40 years or more. Some may decide they will work with the provincial system. If you're on a mobile device, you may have to first check "enable drag/drop" in the More Options section. The headings usually have general information while the information contained in the sub-headings are more specific, and so on to more sub-headings. Ms. Joe: You are absolutely right. That bill proposes changes around how decisions will be made about where children are placed and family arrangements. I had young people say to me, “You took me from my mother. Something we asked the department to do was to ensure they have funding to extend their mandate off reserve. So the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs (AMC) can go ahead and continue to work on their legislation. When I look at this bill, I think what we need to do is move forward with it, understand there are issues with it and take some steps to address these issues in a timely manner. It means that we have co-developed legislation with First Nations and Metis organizations. Do you see an opportunity for a legal access order so that a grandparent can go to a court worker — there are court workers across this country — and say, “I want a legal access order to see my grandchild”? Thank you for your time. update (i.e completed “Assessment of Progress and Actions Taken” column)until all recommendations are fully implementedor otherwise addressed to the satisfaction of the PAC. They can’t show anger or sadness because they will get moved if they are not cooperative or not being the nice kids that people want to take care of. In northern Saskatchewan, you need more funding to pay for schools and materials, that kind of thing. I know there’s tension with the AMC, but I think it can be resolved because this is not their legislation versus ours. Francophones, for example, have their own schools in other provinces where they don’t necessarily have the majority of the population. I didn’t want to come here and just outline the problems. It also seeks to ensure that when apprehension is deemed in the best interests of the Indigenous child, priority is given to placement with the child’s own family or community, and with or near the child’s siblings. The other piece that I want to draw to senators’ attention is that we, at the Caring Society, have gone to First Nations and help them reimagine a vision of a healthy child and family, because they had those visions but they were disrupted by colonialism. I want you to have the courage to do the substantive amendments that are required. In conclusion, we get that money is important. This day has been a long time coming, so it’s great to have this bill in front of us. I think one of the reasons we have this bill is because the government realizes it has failed Indigenous children and families in terms of the number of kids in care and those suffering from various medical ailments, addictions and mental health issues. I can only say, in my experience, if I was put in this Faustian bargain of choosing jurisdiction over funding, I think I’d go for the money because it’s harder to get. I have spent, along with the Assembly of First Nations, over 12 years in front of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal trying to argue for equitable funding for First Nations children and the full and proper implementation of Jordan’s Principle. This bill, as it stands, is so deficient that if the idea is to firewall it by having a regulation system, then you need to shore up how those regulations are formulated. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: I come from a court worker background. That is all it does. We want to be able to give the money to the agencies ourselves. Dr. Blackstock did talk about the fact that they are not separate, that the funding is the expression of jurisdiction. However, they represent 52.2 per cent of children in care in private homes. Your willingness and efforts to examine the subject matter of Bill C-92, An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families, in advance of the bill coming before the Senate is commendable and much appreciated. The Chair: Thank you. I think we should recognize that the challenges we’re facing when dealing with resources, from the studies that have been done not just for Indigenous people, issues of poverty are a major headwind to making progress in terms of improving childhood well-being. It’s additional funding. This clause needs the same protection as clause 12. Yet that continues to be rebuffed in the versions of the bill. The remarks reflect analysis undertaken by the Institute of Fiscal Studies and Democracy at the request of the Assembly of First Nations and with the National Advisory Committee on First Nations Child and Family Services. I’ll make sure to get that to you this afternoon. Apprehension costs a lot of money at the moment, and it’s not necessarily producing the results. We have had a lot of conversations with them about the kinds of steps that they need to take, and I think we need to trust that process and give them what they ask for, not what we think they need. Some of them are exceptionally healthy given the stuff that they went through, and they are going to be a force to be reckoned with. If the bill passes, it will affirm what Indigenous people have been demanding for a long time. They will help you if you let them. There should be a commitment to include performance budgeting. I don’t care how good the foster parents are. Thank you all for taking the time to meet with us this morning. Some people say it’s obvious. Accordingly, the primary heading is marked by a digit like “1,” and the subheadings will be noted as “1.1” and so on. Can you help us better understand — at least help me understand — the current situation with your mandate and this proposed legislation? Also joining us this morning is Ms. Cynthia Wesley-Esquimaux, formerly the Minister’s Special Representative on Child Welfare. Senator Coyle: They may need some support to get there. I don’t know if you have or if you have any thoughts on that. . They have different needs and different ambitions. Given the nature of the data we’re talking about and the way it needs to be collected — and I know Dr. Gaspard is a big believer of this — we can’t wait five years. I don’t think we are listening to what they have to say because taking those kids away, they are the ones that are feeding our jails with the social services needs that are coming out of this, and we are not listening to what they have to say, inside and outside the system. In this format, this refers to the structure between the headings and sub-headings. We also had opportunities where the three groups worked together with us. That wouldn’t preclude children from being apprehended from dangerous situations, but it would ensure that a child’s safety as well as their connection is in the very first case plan or iteration of this. Senator McPhedran: Second, I immediately perked up when you talked about an independent evaluation. Ms. Blackstock: It actually already exists in most provincial legislation. So it is a different complexity. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: Good morning, and thank you very much for your presentations. I don’t know that, and I should not impose it. Subclause 12(1) requires notice of the measures being taken to be given to the Indigenous governing body. In the end, as my colleague mentioned, I’d rather put money towards being proactive for a child, because I think the benefits at the end of the day — or when the child becomes an adult — will multiply immensely. As we said, we’re are paying actuals for both prevention and for interventions. They don’t have big houses. The bill lays out three principles. One of the flights was cancelled, so we are not sure if the other person is coming. She went to the child care agency, and they said, “Well, if you sign them over, you could get $1,200 a month per child,” which makes a lot of sense. There is also a limit to this, which is your capacity to enforce sometimes, but the possibility is there, for sure. Senator McCallum: Thank you for your presentations. It goes on to lay out a number of principles after that. That language doesn’t go beyond. One is that I reject the false dichotomy that funding and jurisdiction are separate. This is further confused by the vague use of the word “authorized.” NWAC is concerned that Western laws and Indigenous laws may be in conflict with one another when granting authority to a particular government, with no clear method for resolution. Favorite Add to 6 Size Appa avatar Silhouette Embroidery Design Digital Download NovStudio. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. History of MugsB.Â Designs and Functions of Mugs to the Society. At the moment, they have to respect the national standard, but if the standard is now a law from in a community or nation, it will have to be respected. The reality is that not every First Nation will be able to reclaim their jurisdiction the day after this bill passes. Now, I appreciate that there needs to be some flexibility because in some First Nation communities there are their traditional governance systems, and in others there are elected band councils. Your headings are: “Choose Companies” and “Prepare Resume”. Do you agree with that statement or not? Senator Tannas: Can you see good examples of communities that are able to do that consulting within themselves? I think if you’re able to call the people who authored that Yellowhead Institute report, I think they may have more to offer on that than I do. You may also see essay outline. In the context of your point about remoteness, where some communities don’t have road access and there’s a higher cost to provide these sorts of services in those jurisdictions, then formulas would definitely be very useful in adjusting it. I think we have a rough sense of what that looks like now from working with many of these communities. Indigenous Services Canada also intends to keep working with partners to assess long-term needs and funding gaps. I know they say it was co-developed, but that was not my experience of it. I can go on and on. There is also a lot of vagueness around what is an “Indigenous governing body.” When I read the first draft of the bill, I didn’t know what that was and how those were determined. We have the highest rate of children across Canada. See this simple full-sentence outline sample to learn more. Ms. Wesley-Esquimaux: They may need support and they should accept it. The Select Standing Committee on Public Accounts (PAC) will request that the audited organization provide a yearly. Other fields of study also use the APA format but not limited to Business, Economics, Nursing, and Criminology. Over 20 years ago, I was among those who sat at the Joint National Policy Review for the Assembly of First Nations. It talks about prenatal care, socio-economic conditions. It was a very important conversation. The gap in Bill C-92 with respect to resourcing, new policy directions and First Nations, Metis, and Inuit children, youth and families raises a concern. How would you link those things together in this bill? I see what’s going on there. The Chair: For clarification, Dr. Blackstock, you will be sending that to us? We were given the bill, and within approximately 36 hours we had a meeting where we provided suggestions. Once you’ve established your structure, it must be consistent with all your headings and subheadings. That doesn’t make any sense. For an elder, he’s getting along. Basically, there is a recognition of a call for funding in the non-binding preamble. When I was up in the Yukon, they said they hired nine social workers. We need to spend more time there than we do looking afar and thinking that we have the answers to what their dilemmas are. This bill, should it see the light of day and be passed, if it’s not consistent with the vision that Dr. Blackstock and others have talked about, I would have major problems with it. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: I appreciate that. In the active efforts, they talk about preserving the Indigenous family. Password. Discover your comparative advantage and improve team engagement with StandOut, powered by ADP. As noted, we are missing — and it’s probably obvious to all of you who are reading this — a fourth principle that deals with budgeting for well-being, so a fourth principle that deals with resourcing. And has there been any indication as to how the government plans to overcome those historical disadvantages? I also fully agree with your definition of poverty. I don’t know whether the committee found it out, but certainly one of the things that I found out when talking to one of the former premiers of Saskatchewan was that the provincial funding formula for education took into account the kinds of things we’re talking about today, for example, remoteness of the school. I acknowledge that we gather on the unceded and unsurrendered traditional territory of the Algonquin people. Finally, if there areÂ still more subheadingsÂ you want to add under your last subheadings, use lower case letters. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: And it’s not even just housing and clean drinking water. Learn to define effective facilities supervision; identify the roles and responsibilities of supervisors; and understand four key functions of supervision. As Dr. Wesley-Esquimaux has pointed out, the need for funding is primary. You can further customize the font and add additional text boxes in the More Options section. That is a real concern for a lot of people. So first, try to keep those kids in their communities and with their families. There is no guaranteed level or structure of funding in this legislation, despite the fact that the preamble recognizes the call for funding in a sustainable and predictable way. Gaps in services are experienced differently by two-spirited and LGBTQ youth than other youth. Senator McPhedran: Thank you, everybody, for being here with us today. How can you measure to ensure that you are accomplishing substantive equality? Rather than helping that weak agency come up, they took the money from the strong agency and gave it to the weak agency. That is parallelism. I think I will end it there because I want to take full advantage of your questions. When I was in Natuashish, they said they wait with their lights going and the truck going, just waiting for somebody to make a wrong move so they can take their kids. The case is still ongoing, as I’m sure you are aware. You cannot remove a child because of poverty. As we look to the future and talk about nation-to-nation relationships with First Nations people, I think there could be a First Nations chief statistician. I agree with you that it’s not properly defined. Ms. Wesley-Esquimaux: I saw a lot of very good examples, some of which I challenged. That is women’s sacred responsibility. The other important thing is the whole question of provincial relationships and how the province has so much jurisdiction and authority over what happens with child welfare that it creates a real problem at the ground. It will not be quite an empty gesture, but if you have the legislation in place, the jurisdiction, and have insufficient resources to actually implement it, then what guarantee is there for communities that in fact those resources will flow if you haven’t accommodated up front for it in the legislation? We are creating in Canada an environment in these communities that perpetuates the problems that these communities are suffering from. I’ve avoided talking about some of the data issues and tried to focus my remarks more on the financial issues. You don’t have an obligation to take it, but you have the capacity. That’s where I got it from. We also included recommendations to deal with the funding issues, and as we see this come to fruition, I regret to say that I think there are significant deficiencies in Bill C-92, particularly as it will be played out on the ground for children. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: How would you link jurisdiction to funding? This legislation is opening the way to do that. Instead of having provincial agencies continue to occupy the field, you’re saying that we have 105 Indigenous child welfare agencies. Some First Nations are quite happy and may decide to work with the agency they have at the moment. These incorporate a prefix, which could be a letter or a number, before each topic that helps to cite them. What’s behind the very vision that Dr. Blackstock talks about is moving some of the focus away from protection, which we’ve seen in existing models, to something where we want children to thrive. Accordingly, an alphanumeric outline formatting follows this order: Respectively, the principal topics are encoded after the Roman Numerals while the most inferior ideas are preceded by the lowercase letters. You can imagine some services offered to Indigenous people in urban areas who are Cree. The Government of Canada will continue to engage with Indigenous partners, provinces and territories during the transition and implementation phases. Please Note: Passwords are case sensitive. And they need to because there are no resources. As you know, the over-representation of First Nations, Inuit and Metis children in the child and family services system has been described as a humanitarian crisis. The black-line version is our beginning of a suggestion of a solution. Here are someÂ tips: Parallelism means the use of consecutiveÂ verbal constructions in a sentenceÂ that corresponds to the grammatical structure. The question is how best to do it, to be honest. She said, “I will take them.” She doesn’t drink, she has a home — all of the right things — and they said no. I think that it ignores outcomes. In many instances, the political levels are also in the way with our own people. Decoration. 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